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Environmental Impact Assessment

EIA
WAPCo has performed an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) to assess the potential benefits and impacts of Pipeline construction and operation on the health, safety, environment, and socio-economic conditions in the Project corridor.

In January 2004, WAPCo submitted Final Draft EIA Reports to:
  • Environmental Authorities of
  • Benin (Agence Beninoise Pour l'Environnement)
  • Ghana (Ghana Environmental Protection Agency)
  • Nigeria (Federal Ministry of Environment)
  • Togo (Ministre de l'Environnement et des Ressources Forestires)
  • World Bank
  • Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)
  • Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC). 
Since this submittal WAPCo has
  • Completed the legally required public hearings in the 4 WAGP countries
  • Completed Revision 1 to the Final Draft EIA Reports that incorporates
  • Responses to certain comments received during the public hearing process
  • Responses to comments received from the World Bank, MIGA and OPIC
  • Responses to certain formal and informal comments received from the Environmental Authorities of the 4 WAGP countries
  • Responses to certain comments received from other external stakeholder groups

The World Bank, MIGA and OPIC have approved the release of the revised Final Draft EIA Reports (and Resettlement Action Plans) for the purposes of 60 day display, consistent with World Bank, MIGA and OPIC disclosure policies. The EIA Reports link on this web page provides the current, revised Final Draft EIA Reports.

EIA Objectives
Beyond satisfying the compliance requirements of these organizations, the objectives of the EIA include the following: To assess potential benefits and impacts of the Pipeline's proposed construction and operations on health, safety, environment, and socio-economic conditions in the project corridor/work areas. To determine if Pipeline construction activities and post-construction operations, including emergency situations, may have persistent, non-localized adverse impacts on the environment. To identify potential mitigation measures and put into place Health, Saftey, and Environmental (HSE) Management Systems that will minimize adverse impacts to the environment and communities in project work areas. To provide a reference point in weighing options for pipeline routing and facility sites with the view to determining optimal routing site for facilities taking into account relevant environmental and socio-economic factors. To engage with stakeholders via scoping and other consultations regarding benefits, impacts, alternatives, mitigation measures and environmental management plans. To ensure overall project sustainability
EIA Approach
The overall approach to the EIA involved the following aspects: Use of a Harmonized Approach: Combination of, and compliance with, World Bank & investor-community standards & safeguards, and national EIA Laws and Regulations of the four countries. Use of Scientific/Analytical Basis for Assessing Pre-Construction Conditions: Conduct of on-shore & off-shore environmental baseline study against which future project benefits and adverse impacts would be measured, taking into account the full characterization of the physical, chemical and biological conditions of the Pipeline study area. Use of an All-inclusive and Open Stakeholder Consultation Approach: This approach has a tremendous potential to bring local knowledge and concerns to bear on pipeline design, construction and operations. Coverage of Entire Project Life Cycle: Design and other pre-construction activities; site preparations; construction; start up; operations and maintenance; de-commissioning and abandonment. Iterative Process between EIA and Front-End Engineering Teams: Thorough identification and assessment of potential impacts on both the design and EIA. Incorporation of mitigation measures and HES management system requirements into the tendering process for engineering, procurement, and construction. Establishment of HSE management systems and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) System to monitor and ensure safe operations, pollution prevention and emergency preparedness. Use of a blend of international consultants and local or in-country EIA consultants as a team to conduct the EIA study to ensure compliance and ensure that site-specific issues are addressed properly.